Mariana Trench

Written by on May 11, 2024

The Mariana Trench is the deepest part of the world’s oceans, located in the western Pacific Ocean. It stretches for over 1,500 miles (2,550 kilometers) and reaches a maximum known depth of about 36,070 feet (10,994 meters) at its lowest point, known as the Challenger Deep.

This trench was formed by the subduction of the Pacific Plate beneath the Mariana Plate. The extreme depth and pressure create a unique and largely unexplored environment, with very little light and temperatures near freezing.

The Mariana Trench is home to a variety of unique and often bizarre deep-sea creatures, adapted to the extreme conditions. Despite its remote location and harsh environment, scientific interest in the trench remains high due to its potential for revealing insights into Earth’s geology, biology, and processes like plate tectonics.



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